AskDefine | Define reaper

Dictionary Definition

reaper

Noun

1 someone who helps to gather the harvest [syn: harvester]
2 Death personified as an old man or a skeleton with a scythe [syn: Grim Reaper]
3 farm machine that gathers a food crop from the fields [syn: harvester]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. One who reaps.
  2. A machine used to harvest crops.
  3. Reaper Shortened form of "The Grim Reaper", the angel of death.
    Don't fear the Reaper,/ We'll be able to fly. — Lyrics from Don't Fear the Reaper by Blue Öyster Cult

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

one who reaps
machine used for harvesting
the Grim Reaper

Extensive Definition

A reaper is a person (or machine) who reaps, or harvests (cuts and gathers) crops when they are ripe.

Hand reaping

Hand reaping is done by various means, including plucking the ears of grain directly by hand, cutting the grain stalks with a sickle, cutting them with a scythe, or with a later type of scythe called a cradle. Reaping is usually distinguished from mowing, which uses similar implements, but is the traditional term for cutting grass for hay, rather than reaping crops.
Reaped grain stalks tied together in a bunch is called a sheaf (plural sheafs or sheaves), and several of these may be stood together to dry out with the ears off the ground, forming stooks. A stack of sheaves may be stored for winter threshing, the sheaves being placed with the ears inwards, then covered with thatch or a tarpaulin; this is called a stack or rick (in the British Isles, where "corn" traditionally means "grain", normally corn-rick, to distinguish it from a hay rick). Ricks would be made in an area inaccessible to livestock, called a rick-yard or stack-yard.
Collecting spilt grain from the field after reaping is called gleaning, and was traditionally done either by hand, or by penning animals such as chickens on the field.

Mechanical reaping

A mechanical reaper or reaping machine is a mechanical, semi-automated device, a machine that reaps.
The Romans invented a simple mechanical reaper that cut the ears without the straw and was pushed by oxen (Pliny the Elder Nat. His. 18,296). This device was forgotten in the Dark Ages, during which period reapers reverted to using scythes and sickles to gather crops.
A much more sophisticated mechanical reaper was invented in 1831 in Union Bridge, Maryland, and patented by Cyrus McCormick in 1834 as a horse-drawn farm implement to cut small grain crops. It developed into and was replaced by the reaper-binder, which was in turn replaced by the swather and eventually the combine harvester.

External links

reaper in German: Balkenmäher

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Bauer, agriculturalist, agriculturist, agrologist, agronomist, coffee-planter, collective farm worker, crofter, cropper, cultivator, dirt farmer, dry farmer, farm laborer, farmer, farmhand, gentleman farmer, granger, grower, harvester, harvestman, haymaker, husbandman, kibbutznik, kolkhoznik, kulak, muzhik, peasant, peasant holder, picker, planter, plowboy, plowman, raiser, rancher, ranchman, rustic, sharecropper, sower, tea-planter, tenant farmer, tiller, tree farmer, truck farmer, yeoman
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